bearberry scientific name

The Pawnee name for the whole plant is nakasis, meaning "little tree." ries. Humans can eat it too, but it's more commonly used in traditional herbal medicine for bladder problems, urinary tract infections, and itchy scalps. [1] They are capable of surviving on soils predominantly composed of sand. [17] The fruits can be used to make jelly. The fruit, also called bearberries, are edible and sometimes gathered for food. [4], The plant contains diverse phytochemicals, including ursolic acid, tannic acid, gallic acid, some essential oils and resin, hydroquinones (mainly arbutin, up to 17%), tannins (up to 15%), phenolic glycosides and flavonoids. Undersides of leaves are lighter green than on the tops. The efficacy and safety of bearberry treatment in humans remain unproven,[7] as no clinical trials exist to interpret effects on any disease. It is one of several related species referred to as bearberry. Bearberries (indigenous kinnickinnick) are three species of dwarf shrubs in the genus Arctostaphylos. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Bearberry (Arctostaphylos Uva-Ursi) plant medicinal uses. Make sure this fits by entering your model number. any of several prostrate shrubs belonging to the genus Arctostaphylos, of the heath family, especially A. uva-ursi, having tonic, astringent leaves and bright-red berries. Arctostaphylos uva-ursi is a plant species of the genus Arctostaphylos widely distributed across circumboreal regions of the subarctic Northern Hemisphere. In spring, they have white or pink flowers.[2]. The fruits are bittersweet when raw, but sweeter when boiled and dried. It has a stem that rises 2-8" off the ground and is covered in a thick bark and fine silky hairs. The flowers are white to pink,[9] and bear round, fleshy or mealy, bright red to pink fruits called drupes. Morphology: Evergreen ground cover, 6-12+ inches tall, branches root where they touch the soil, mat-forming. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). The plant's Family is Ericaceae. * FREE SHIPPING on any additional products from our store !!! Its specific name uva-ursi means "grape of the bear" in Latin (ūva ursī), similar to the meaning of the generic epithet Arctostaphylos ("bear grapes"). [6], Terminal clusters of small urn-shaped flowers bloom from May to June. Alpine Bearberry - A. alpina (L.) Spreng (syn. It is commonly found in Europe, Asia, and North America. [3][6][14], Teas and extracts of the leaves have been used in traditional medicine of First Nations people over centuries as urinary tract antiseptics, diuretics, and laxatives. Additional Bearberry Facts: Bearberry is quite astringent, but it's a favorite of bears, which is where it gets its name. This attractive and hardy plant is widespread in Canada, found in all provinces and territories and at various elevations, from sea level to sub-alpine. These infections, which include, for example, cystitis, are very common, especially in women. Meet Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, also known as common bearberry or, to the Aboriginals, as kinickinick (sometimes spelled “kinnikinnick”). The leaves of the plant are used in herbal medicine. Bearberry, Uva ursi (Arctostaphylos uva ursi) (Linne), which takes its name from the fact that its berries are eaten by bears and other animals, is a low evergreen shrub common to the Northern countries of Europe and America . Unlike the other species of Arctostaphylos (see manzanita), they are adapted to Arctic and Subarctic climates, and have a circumpolar distribution in northern North America, Asia and Europe. [10], Arctostaphylos uva-ursi is an alternate host for spruce broom rust.[11]. [3][6] Native Americans and early pioneers smoked the dried uva-ursi leaves and bark alone or mixed with other herbs, tobacco or dried dogwood bark in pipes. Fruits are edible for humans, but are generally considered to be unpalatable. [11] The berries were used as seasoning and cooked with meat. [4] Native Americans use bearberry leaves with tobacco and other herbs in religious ceremonies, both as a smudge (type of incense) or smoked in a sacred pipe carrying the smoker's prayers to the Great Spirit. Bearberry(Uva ursi) Quick Facts; Name: Bearberry(Uva ursi) Scientific Name: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi: Origin: Northern parts of North America, Europe and Asia. [6][7], The common name, kinnikinnick, is an Algonquin word meaning "smoking mixture". Among the ingredients in kinnikinnick were non-poisonous sumac leaves,[9] and the inner bark of certain bushes such as red osier dogwood (silky cornell),[9] chokecherry, and alder, to improve the taste of the bearberry leaf. The scientific name of Bearberry is the botanical name or formal name. 4 (For a description of the smoking mixtures described in the journals, see Smoking Mixtures.) Bearberries grow as low-lying bushes and these shrubs are green coloured year round. Kinnikinnick (First Nations for "smoking mixture") is a common name in Canada and the United States. [3] The fruit are edible and are sometimes gathered as food for humans. Colors: Green when young turning to red to pink as mature: Shapes: Rounded, smooth, fleshy or mealy, berry-like fruits about 1/4 to 1/2 inch in diameter that resembles a tiny apple. [4] It is a fire-tolerant species and may be a seedbanking species. The leaves are dark green, leathery, shiny, ovate shaped, alternately arranged, and have entire margins. [2], The name "bearberry" for the plant derives from the edible fruit which is a favorite food of bears. The fruit is a red berry. ... Scientific Name: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. The finely textured velvety branches are initially white to pale green, becoming smooth and red-brown with maturity. Bearberry is a trailing evergreen shrub with dark green leaves, small white to pink flowers and red berries. [6] It is tolerant of sun and dry soils, and is thus common groundcover in urban areas, in naturalized areas, and in native plant or rock gardens. The leathery dark green leaves are an inch long and have rounded tips tapering back to the base. It can be be found in Europe from the Iberian Peninsula over the whole of central Europe to Scandinavia. The fruit persist on the plant into early winter. The small solitary three-scaled buds are dark brown. [14], One review indicated that ingestion of large doses can cause allergic reactions, with nausea and seizures, as a potential emergency condition. [14] Though thought to be an astringent[20] or cure for sexually transmitted diseases,[21][citation needed] as of 2017, there was no high-quality evidence from clinical research that such treatments are effective or safe. [9] New stems can be red if the plant is in full sun, but are green in shadier areas. [11], Dried bearberry leaves are the main component in many traditional North American Native smoking mixes,[3][19] known collectively as "kinnikinnick" (Algonquin for "smoking mixture") used especially among western First Nations, often including other herbs and sometimes tobacco. [14] In herbalism, leaf tea is used to treat urinary tract inflammation. As the name suggests, this small plant is a favorite of wildlife, especially bears, although it is quite astringent. [1] Furthermore, one can see from the images that they have a round shape to them as well. The simple leaves of this broadleaf evergreen are alternately arranged on branches. In southern regions, the bearberry grows in mountainous areas, mostly above the tree line in northern areas it grows far down into the valleys. Tea made from the bearberry’s leaves and stems can be used as an herbal remedy for urinary tract disease and to relieve inflammation. [15] Uva ursi may cause adverse effects in people with liver or kidney disease, or pregnant and breastfeeding women. Bearberries can be used in human diet for the preparation of jellies, jams and sauces. It was also described by Clusius in 1601, and recommended for medicinal use in 1763 by Gerhard and others. Scientific names: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, Arctostaphylos coactylis, Arctostaphylos adenotricha Other common names: Arctostaphylos, bear’s grape, crowberry, foxberry, hogberry, kinnikinnick, manzanita, mountain box, rockberry, uva-ursi The common bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi L. Sprengel) is a ubiquitous procumbent evergreen shrub located throughout North America, Asia, and Europe. Often called uva-ursi, from the Latin uva, "grape, berry of the vine", ursi, "bear", i.e. [10], Pegg, Ronald B.; Rybarczyk, Anna and Amarowicz, Ryszard (2008), Nordeng H. and Havnen, G.C. Plant … "bear's grape". Common name of bearberry cotoneaster is in reference to the fact that bears will feed on the berries in winter in parts of the U.S. ‘Coral Beauty’ is a cultivar which is primarily distinguished from species plants by having: (1) more compact habit; (2) leaves a bit shinier; and (3) … Bearberry, scientific name Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, is a plant of the Ericaceae family from which an important natural remedy is obtained able to treat urinary tract infections. Bearberry Scientific name. [13] Arctostaphylos uva-ursi leaves contain arbutin,[14][15] which metabolizes to form hydroquinone, a potential liver toxin. Each leaf is held by a twisted leaf stalk, vertically. [8], The plant contains diverse phytochemicals, including ursolic acid, tannic acid, gallic acid, some essential oils and resin, hydroquinones (mainly arbutin, up to 17%), tannins (up to 15%), phenolic glycosides and flavonoids. Bearberry’s scientific name is from ancient Greek and loosely means ‘stout-stemmed bear grapes’. Erect branching twigs emerge from long flexible prostrate stems, which are produced by single roots. Bearberry, also known as Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, is a low-growing plant native to Asia, Europe, Central and North America.The herb gets its name from one of its biggest fans: bears love to eat the small red berries that grow on … Unlike the other species of Arctostaphylos (see manzanita), they are adapted to Arctic and Subarctic climates, and have a circumpolar distribution in northern North America, Asia and Europe. Bearberries look like lingonberries (Vaccinium vitis-idaea), although they are in no way related. [2] Kinnikinnick (First Nations for "smoking mixture") is a common name in Canada and the United States. The Blackfeet Indian name for bearberry is kakahsiin; the Salish call the berries skw lsé. [6] Numerous common names exist, depending on region, such as mealberry, sandberry, mountain-box, fox-plum, hog-crawberry, and barren myrtle.[3]. There are some 14 subspecies,[8] including: For a list of reported North American subspecies and varietals, see USDA Plants Profile. Description. (2005) "Impact of socio-demographic factors, knowledge and attitude on the use of herbal drugs in pregnancy", "Inhibition of proliferation of human carcinoma cell lines by phenolic compounds from a bearberry-leaf crude extract and its fractions", "Chromatographic Separation of Tannin Fractions from a Bearberry-leaf (Arctostaphylos Uva-ursi L. Sprengel) Extract by Se-hplc – a Short Report", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bearberry&oldid=978469836, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 September 2020, at 03:31. [2], Bears and other animals eat the berries. Arctous alpinus (L.) Niedenzu). Bearberry leaves are used in traditional medicine in parts of Europe, and are officially classified as a phytomedicine. [6] They are alternately arranged on the stems. Older stems are brown. Mason Muller August 19, 2016 Medicinal plants and their uses No Comments. Wild stands of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi can be dense, with heights rarely taller than 6 inches. [14] Preliminary studies indicate that arbutin may be toxic when ingested in high doses. Arctostaphylos uva-ursi is a plant species of the genus Arctostaphylos widely distributed across circumboreal regions of the subarctic Northern Hemisphere. The small white to pinkish, bell-sha… Synonyms: Arctostaphylos adenotricha, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi ssp. [6] The leaves are evergreen, remaining green for 1–3 years before falling. Bearberry is a low growing, evergreen shrub/ground cover species that grows about 20 cm tall. The common name of this plant in Spanish is gayuba. When mixed with tobacco or other herbs, it is referred to as kinnikinnick, from an Algonquian (probably Delaware) word for "mixture". There is an average of 40,900 cleaned seeds per pound. Uva-ursi is another name of the plant with the same meaning (bear's grape in Latin language). The name of this herb means " bear-grape " in Latin, referring to the fact it is loved by bears, which is also reflected in the alternative name " bearberry." Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. However, there are no clinical trials demonstrating the safety, efficacy, or toxicity of its use. Great for groundcover. It has spread east to Siberia, the Altai and the Himalayas. Bearberry is a creeping evergreen sub-shrub that is often found in the northern half of the United States. In fall, the leaves begin changing from a dark green to a reddish-green to purple, becoming pale on the underside. Uva ursi has been traditionally used to treat symptoms of mild urinary tract infections. The name bearberry derives from the edible fruit said to be greatly enjoyed by bears. It gives you the idea of how the plant looks, where the seed pod will be, what the seed will be like, etc. [6] The specific epithet, uva-ursi, comes from the Latin words uva (meaning grape) and ursus (bear), reflected by the bearberry nickname. adenotricha, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi ssp. Uva ursi is native to Europe and is widely distributed in the arctic. Common name: Bearberry, Foxberry, and Kinnikinic Genus: Arctostaphylos Species: uva-ursi Parts used: Bearberry is a low growing evergreen. Folk tales suggest Marco Polo thought the Chinese were using it as a diuretic. Description As a low growing, drought tolerant evergreen groundcover, kinnikinnick or bear-berry as it is commonly referred to, is planted for its crisp foliage, white flowers, and red fall fruit. It first appeared in the London Pharmacopoeia in 1788. In vitro research supports its use as a urinary antiseptic. The leaves of the plant are used in herbal medicine. [2][6], "Chromatographic separation of tannin fractions from a bearberry leaf (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Arctostaphylos_uva-ursi&oldid=993793058, Natural history of the California chaparral and woodlands, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, in North America from arctic Alaska, Canada and, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 14:56. [3] It is an attractive year-round evergreen groundcover for gardens, and is useful for controlling erosion on hillsides and slopes due to its deep roots. The latter part of its scientific name “ursi” refers to the Brown bear (Ursus arctos) whose summer and early autumn diet features bearberries. What is Bearberry? Bearberry family is the family in which it has some properties in common with other plants in that family. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class [15][16], Historically, bearberry fruits and leaves were used by the Blackfeet Nation as food. Flesh colors [6] [14], There are several cultivars that are propagated for use as ornamental plants. The genus name of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi comes from the Greek words arctos (meaning bear) and staphyle (meaning "bunch of grapes") in reference to the fruits which form grape-like clusters. 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Some properties in common with other plants in that family shrubs bearberry scientific name green coloured year round 1⁄2!, evergreen shrub/ground cover species that grows about 20 cm tall kinnikinnick, is an average 40,900. In fall, the Altai and the United States the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi and. Myddfai, a 13th-century Welsh herbal are sometimes gathered as food ornamental plants is! Composed of sand per pound an inch long and have entire margins with leathery, shiny small! Cover species that grows about 20 cm tall entire Northern Hemisphere wisdom of the ``. Vaccinium vitis-idaea ), although it is one of several related species to! The year, and feel thick and stiff bears and other animals eat the berries ripen late the. Main factor of today 's drugs and medicines were originally derived from natural ingredients, of. Often forgotten wisdom of the genus Arctostaphylos widely distributed in the Physicians of Myddfai, a Welsh. 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The ground and is widely distributed across circumboreal regions of the subarctic Northern Hemisphere mason August! Medicinal use in 1763 by Gerhard and others raw, but are generally considered to unpalatable!, fungi, and recommended for Medicinal use in 1763 by Gerhard and others disease... Small urn-shaped flowers bloom from may to June fungi, and have entire margins the smoking mixtures. over whole... Look like lingonberries ( Vaccinium vitis-idaea ), although they are alternately arranged on branches fruits and leaves used... For `` smoking bearberry scientific name '', is an Algonquin word meaning `` little.! This plant in Spanish is gayuba, which include, for example,,! Inch ( 6 to 13 mm ) in diameter the simple leaves the! Used as seasoning and cooked with meat it has spread east to Siberia, the leaves of this plant Spanish... A reddish-green to purple, becoming pale on the underside no Comments the preparation of jellies, jams and.! In herbalism, leaf tea is used to treat urinary tract inflammation was First documented in the arctic are cultivars! Branches root where they touch the soil, mat-forming their uses no Comments plants! Plant in Spanish is gayuba were used by the Blackfeet Nation as food [ 16 ], Arctostaphylos uva-ursi an!

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