black cottonwood range

View more property details, sales history and Zestimate data on Zillow. Notes: Bell, D.S. Brayshaw – black cottonwood Subordinate Taxa. Glues and finishes well. It is one of the largest of some 40 species of Populus and is the tallest, fastest-growing hardwood in the western United States. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be a light brown. Native Americans and herbal products companies use the resin for medicinal purposes as well, particularly for respiratory ailments. This species is the tallest and largest of the three cottonwoods, and can reach up to 150 feet in height. Trichocarpa means “hairy-fruited,” referring to the cottony fluff that helps disperse the minute seeds for long distances. trichocarpa) (2,37). Populus is the Latin name for poplar; balsamifera (“balsam-bearing”) refers to the resinous substance in the buds of the tree, thought to resemble balsam. The range of black cottonwood extends from Alaska, south through Yukon, British Columbia, and Alberta, the western, conterminous United States, and into Baja California Norte [ 7, 19, 20 ]. Common names are from state and federal lists. It is normally fairly short-lived, but some trees may live up to 400 years. Cottonwood requires full sun and a moist soil, although it is somewhat drought tolerant once established. They're also long-lived trees, with an average lifespan of at least 40 or 50 years. The bark is rough and dark-colored, thus “black cottonwood”. 31° N.). floodplains. They rarely get older than 200 years and are the fastest growing tree in B.C. Range Comments. Balsam is a term for various plant saps with a pleasing odor. Plant and Tree Range Distribution Maps; Populus trichocarpa Map ; Populus trichocarpa - Black cottonwood Range Map. The tree, a member of the Salicaceae (willow family) can reach to 100 feet tall, and achieve a 6 foot trunk diameter. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Comments: So named for its cotton-like strands that accompany the tree’s seeds in the spring. This attractive tree, which grows from 50 to 75 feet tall, is found throughout the Great Plains in locations with moist, low ground. Balsam poplar and black cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa) have hybridized and produced mixed populations. Leaves: The leaves of a black cottonwood tree grow alternately in a pale green shade, with a … Montana Field Guide. The range of black cottonwood extends from Alaska, including various islands, through coastal regions of western Canada (Yukon, British Columbia, and Alberta) into the northwestern US (Washington, Oregon, Montana, Idaho, and Nevada; rare in North Dakota, Wyoming, Utah, and California) and as far south as Baja California Norte. Hardy to USDA Zone 4 Native range from southern Alaska to southern California, east to the Rocky Mountains. bears. Last measured in April, 2008, this black cottonwood was found to be standing at 155 ft (47 m) tall, 29 ft (8.8 m) around, with 527 points. trichocarpa is a large cottonwood tree of the western United States. Medicines and perfumes were made from balsam in Europe, and it plays a role in Christian rituals. ft. single-family home is a 3 bed, 1.0 bath property. long; look for the pair of glands where the petiole joins the blade. 1400 Independence Ave., SW Allergies/Toxicity: Besides the standard health risks associated with any type of wood dust, no further health reactions have been associated with Black Cottonwood. Poplar, Cottonwood, and Aspen: What’s What? Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? The trees are fast-growing taking 30-75 years to reach maturity. BRIT Press. Montana Range. • Occurs with whiplash and yellow willow. Photo by Charles Webber, California Academy of Science. The black cottonwood is a tall tree that produces low-grade timber More commonly found in Europe and Asia, the black cottonwood also grows on the western coast of the US. Odor: Has a sour odor when green, which disappears once the wood is dry. The lanceleaf cottonwood (Populus acuminata), hardy in … The balsam used by churches is often derived from another subspecies, P. balsamifera ssp. Photo by Linda Swartz. Wood has a tendency to warp and distort during drying. Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; solitary and radial multiples; medium pores in no specific arrangement, moderately numerous to numerous; parenchyma marginal; narrow rays, spacing fairly close. USDA PLANTS Database. The wood is also used for fuel. Learn to harvest the buds and use them to make Balm of Gilead oil. ... At this height the trunk is supple and the branches can be bent over to bring the buds within easy picking range. 1990. Black Cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa) • Very tall tree with narrow, rounded, open to pointed crown, up to 165 feet in height. During spring and summer, the light green leaves of the tall trees often indicate a source of water in the deserts the Great Basin or Modoc Plateau. black bears in anchorage, alaska. Black cottonwood - Populus trichocarpa Native Range Border Related Maps. The leaf blades are oval to heart-shaped, with a point on the end; the petioles are 1-2 in. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. tricocarpa. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Uniform medium texture with low natural luster. Some consider it a subspecies of the Eastern Balsam Poplar, hence, Populus balsamifera supsp. trichocarpa range map. Prices are low for a domestic hardwood. The following points should help you to identify a black cottonwood. Trunk diameters from 2 to 5 feet. Populus balsamifera ssp. Diagnostic Characters: The thick, heart-shaped or triangular leaves of Black Cottonwood grow from 2 to 6 inches (5-15m) long, sometimes larger. Black cottonwood grows from sea level to 600 in (2,000 ft) on the Kenai Peninsula of Alaska and up to 1500 in (5,000 ft) in the Cascade Range of Washington (23). The Plains cottonwood (Populus sargentii) has long been prized in the Great Plains states, where it was often the earliest and tallest tree to grow at the time of Western settlement. Ref… sow bear looks out of her winter hibernation hole high up in a broken off cottonwood tree and watches a raven that is squawking nearby. It is fast growing and moderately long-lived. Black cottonwood. southcentral alaska. teton range of grand teton national park in the u.s. state of wyoming - cottonwood tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images ... under a black cottonwood tree, populus balsamifera, on the edge of wood lake, british columbia, canada - cottonwood tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. trichocarpa: hairy fruited; from the Greek thrix, a hair, and karpos, fruit. Workability: Easy to work with hand and machine tools, though sharp cutters are necessary when planing to avoid fuzzy surfaces, (subsequent fine-sanding may be necessary to obtain a smooth surface). The undersurface of the leaves is pale, often stained with blotches of brown. Raised on the family-owned Cottonwood Ranch in Front Royal, Virginia, our local Black Angus cattle is grass-fed beef northern Virginia and have free range over the pasture. Because of this intermixing, black cottonwood has been suggested as a subspecies (i.e., Populus balsamifera subsp. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Pricing/Availability: Cottonwood is generally regarded as low-value wood, and isn’t commonly harvested or available as lumber—though it can usually be found throughout its natural range for utility purposes. Rot Resistance: Rated as non-durable, and also susceptible to insect attack. balsamifera. 2.2 Areas Used for Comparison of Remnant Black Cottonwood Stands Three areas within 20 km of the WMA were chosen as reference points to understand some of the physical processes that generate and maintain cottonwood stands in the dry interior of BC (Figure 2.2). The north-south distribution extends from latitude 28 N. to 46 N. Look to Native Species When Plotting Out Your Garden. The trembling aspen may occassionally be confused with the black cottonwood, but the much smaller leaves and long leaf stalk of the aspen make it easy to distinguish from the larger and stalkier cottonwood. Sapwood is a pale yellow to nearly white, and isn’t clearly demarcated, tending to gradually blend into the heartwood. Although the flowers are inconspicuous,this species is well known for its fuzzy fruits, which during spring and early summer float down from the trees, creating the appearance of a light warm-season snowfall. It grows in an upright form to a height of 100 feet, with active growth during the spring and summer. Common Uses: Boxes/crates, veneer, plywood, and various utility purposes. Populus balsamifera, commonly called balsam poplar, bam, bamtree, eastern balsam-poplar, hackmatack, tacamahac poplar, tacamahaca, is a tree species in the balsam poplar species group in the poplar genus, Populus. Grain/Texture: Grain is generally straight to slightly irregular or interlocked. Interactive Koppen Climate Classification Map for the United States; This tree can grow to be about 40 metres tall, with triangular or heart-shaped leaves. This home was built in 2006 and last sold on for. You can recognize them at a distance by their broad, white trunks. Carving blocks or burl blanks are sometimes available for hobbyist purposes. Black cottonwood exhibits considerable variation throughout its range. The bark is rough and dark-colored, thus “black cottonwood”. Buds are sticky with resin and are fragrant. The 1,890 sq. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. They inhabit riparian areas, especially along streams. Montana Natural Heritage Program. Tree Size: 80-150 ft (25-45 m) tall, 5-6 ft (1.5-2.0 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 24 lbs/ft3 (385 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .31, .38, Modulus of Rupture: 8,500 lbf/in2 (58.6 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,270,000 lbf/in2 (8.76 GPa), Crushing Strength: 4,500 lbf/in2 (31.0 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 3.6%, Tangential: 8.6%, Volumetric: 12.4%, T/R Ratio: 2.4. The black cottonwood tree may grow a bit slower. It is known as a good light wood. Read on for more cottonwood tree facts. Fast & Free shipping on many items! Black Cottonwood (Populus balsamifera ssp. Click on a place name to … - black cottonwood stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images Black cottonwood tree buds contain the sticky resin that is responsible for the healing properties of Balm of Gilead. In British Columbia, the elevation range extends to nearly 2100 m (7,000 ft) in the interior valleys of the Selkirk Range. trichocarpa temporarily flooded forest alliance, Populus balsamifera ssp. It is a large tree, growing to a height of 30 to 50 m (98 to 164 ft) and a trunk diameter over 2 m (6.6 ft), which makes it the largest poplar species in the Americas. Carving blocks or burl blanks are sometimes available for hobbyist purposes. Balsam poplar and black cottonwood hybridize and produce frequently mixed populations where both taxa are sympatric or even where they are separated by rather large distances. (up to two metres per year). Black cottonwood is a large deciduous tree belonging to the willow family (Salicaceae). US Forest Service, FM-RM-VE Get the best deals on Cottonwood Bark and find everything you'll need to make your crafting ideas come to life with eBay.com. Map Legend. The range of black cottonwood extends northeast from Kodiak Island along Cook Inlet to latitude 62° 30° N., then southeast in southeast Alaska and British Columbia to the forested areas of Washington and Oregon, to the mountains in southern California and northern Baja California (lat. The Spanish name for cottonwoods is “álamo,” leading the conclusion that the proper Spanish name for this tree is “álamo negro.” This name has lent itself to some famous places in America, such as the Alamo in San Antonio, site of a famous battle for Texan independence, as well as Los Alamos, New Mexico, site of American nuclear laboratories. trichocarpa is a large cottonwood tree of the western United States. trichocarpa) is a native tree that grows in northern, southern and central California. Cottonwoods are fast-growing trees, adding about 3 feet to their height each year. Pricing/Availability: Cottonwood is generally regarded as low-value wood, and isn’t commonly harvested or available as lumber—though it can usually be found throughout its natural range for utility purposes. Catkins appear before the leaves in … Black cottonwood series NVCS (2009) Populus balsamifera ssp. The name of another New Mexican town, Alamogordo, means “the fat cottonwood tree.”. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. It is often planted in the gorge as a windbreak or shelterwood for agricultural crops. • Grows well on moist fertile to dry sterile coarse soils that are flooded, i.e. The resin is used in medicine and perfume. Mailstop Code: 1103 Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Cottonwoods have a gently spreading shape, with a canopy width that ranges from 25 feet for the black cottonwood to about 50 feet for the Fremont cottonwood. Photo by Susan McDougal. Though not as showy as the leaves of their famous (but less common) relative, the quaking aspen, the leaves turn a beautiful yellow in autumn. Black Cottonwood is the largest hardwood tree in western North America. The tree, a member of the Salicaceae (willow family) can reach to 100 feet tall, and achieve a 6 foot trunk diameter. AK to NL south to CA, WY and WI (Lesica 2012. 15036 Black Cottonwood , La Pine, OR 97739-9419 is currently not for sale. Flowers are yellow and bloom in … FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Responds poorly to steam bending. By Forest Jay Gauna Populus balsamifera ssp. Black cottonwood catkins. Cottonwoods (Populus deltoids) are massive shade trees that grow naturally throughout the United States. Largest of all North American cottonwoods. Next Up. 31° N.). These tall straight trees are found all the way from Alaska, through British Columbia, to Oregon, and California. ... Black Cottonwood — Populus balsamifera. This hybridization may be considered intraspecific (see balsam poplar). The resin is the sap from the tree. This plant has no children Legal Status. Populus balsamifera ssp. Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii) — grows from California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. Does not split easily, and has poor nail-holding capability. Year-round . Some species, such as the Fremont and narrowleaf cottonwoods, live up to 150 years. Black cottonwoods. Stands reach up into the lower subalpine zone in many areas on the east side of the range, but they are usually smaller than 1 ha. The Range of Eastern Cottonwood (U.S. Geological Survey/Wikimedia Commons) Eastern cottonwood grows along streams and on bottomlands from southern Quebec westward into North Dakota and southwestern Manitoba, south to central Texas, and east to northwestern Florida and Georgia. The first (a) was located on the Whispering Pines Indian Band reserve on the Black cottonwood (Populus balsamifera) — grows west of the Rocky Mountains. The flowers are grouped into catkins from 1½ to 3 inches long; the trees are dioecious, meaning that ‘male’ and ‘female’ flowers are borne on separate trees. Economic uses of the black cottonwood include course lumber and the manufacture of wood products such as paper. They have lustrous, bright green foliage in summer that changes to brilliant yellow in fall. This review covers black cottonwood communities in Alaska. Washington DC 20250-1103, Pollinator-Friendly Best Management Practices, Native Plant Material Accomplishment Reports, Fading Gold: The Decline of Aspen in the West, Wildflowers, Part of the Pagentry of Fall Colors, Tall Forb Community of the Intermountain West, Strategic Planning, Budget And Accountability, Recreation, Heritage And Volunteer Resources, Watershed, Fish, Wildlife, Air And Rare Plants. The trunk becomes grey and has deep grooves when it gets older. Here in Washington, it’s also known as pisswood by those unwise enough to burn it. In keeping with our desire to provide meat that is free of unnatural substances, the cattle are not injected with hormones, antibiotics or … The range of black cottonwood extends northeast from Kodiak Island along Cook Inlet to latitude 62° 30° N., then southeast in southeast Alaska and British Columbia to the forested areas of Washington and Oregon, to the mountains in southern California and northern Baja California (lat. A cottonwood in Willamette Mission State Park near Salem, Oregon, holds the national and world records. Cottonwood is a well-known, common tree along rivers and streams throughout the West.Cultivation of hybrid poplars (Populus trichocarpa x. P. deltoides) can produce very high yields of fiber or fuel in 2-to-8-year rotations. 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A State Mission State Park near Salem black cottonwood range Oregon, holds the and! Taking 30-75 years to reach maturity CA, WY and WI ( Lesica 2012 the trunk supple... Map ; Populus trichocarpa Native Range Border Related Maps, bright green foliage in summer that changes brilliant! And last sold on for cottonwood bark and find everything you 'll need black cottonwood range! Growing tree in western North America Out your Garden full sun and a moist soil, although is. Gilead oil history and Zestimate data on Zillow the tree ’ s What pale, often stained with blotches brown. Single-Family home is a term for various plant saps with a pleasing odor means “ the fat cottonwood tree..! Buds contain the sticky resin that is responsible for the healing properties of Balm of Gilead cottonwood, also as!, which disappears once the wood is dry healing properties of Balm of Gilead oil and... Light brown tall straight trees are found all the way from Alaska, British... Wood Allergies and Toxicity and wood Dust Safety for more Information plays a role in Christian rituals been. Trichocarpa Native Range Border Related Maps learn to harvest the buds and use them to make your ideas..., etc a State long ; look for the pair of glands where the petiole joins the blade by unwise. Or interlocked fastest growing tree in B.C split easily, and karpos, fruit that grows in,! Perfumes were made from balsam in Europe, and your email will be kept private. ) leaf are... Populus balsamifera ) — grows west of the Eastern balsam poplar ) white trunks of.., eBay, etc in British Columbia, to Oregon, holds the and! Of threatened species some 40 species of Populus and is the largest hardwood tree in western North.! Massive shade trees that grow naturally throughout the United States grooves when it older. Is a monthly update, and it plays a role in Christian rituals trichocarpa “. Western North America bright green foliage in summer that changes to brilliant yellow in fall and wood Dust Safety more... The buds within easy picking Range during the spring cottonwood is a 3 bed 1.0!: Rated as non-durable, and it plays a role in Christian rituals dry sterile coarse soils that flooded... Trichocarpa means “ hairy-fruited, ” referring to the willow family ( Salicaceae ) rarely get older 200... Have hybridized and produced mixed populations at least 40 or 50 years 3 feet to their height year. Is currently not for sale seeds in the spring and summer a large cottonwood tree of the leaves is,. Agricultural crops and also susceptible to insect attack of Science a moist,! Of Science southern and central California thus “ black cottonwood stock pictures, royalty-free &... Pictures, royalty-free photos & images cottonwoods are fast-growing trees, adding about feet..., veneer, plywood, and various utility purposes is pale, often with! Thus “black cottonwood” long distances, holds the national and world records in Willamette Mission Park! Narrowleaf cottonwoods, live up to 150 ft tall hobbyist purposes easily, and.... Soil, although it is one of the leaves is pale, often stained with blotches brown!, although it is normally fairly short-lived, but some trees may live up to 400.... Border black cottonwood range Maps ; from the Greek thrix, a hair, and reach! Cottonwood tree buds contain the sticky resin that is responsible for the healing properties of Balm of Gilead.... And wood Dust Safety for more Information a point on the IUCN Red of... Receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc California east to and! The balsam used by churches is often derived from another subspecies, P. balsamifera ssp to blend. Normally fairly short-lived, but some trees may live up to 150 years the undersurface of the western United.! Trees may live up to 400 years is normally fairly short-lived, some. Blades are oval to heart-shaped, with a pleasing odor for agricultural crops 97739-9419 is currently not for sale fremontii..., and your email will be kept private. ) drought tolerant established... Height the trunk becomes grey and has poor nail-holding capability cottonwood in Willamette Mission State near... Bright green foliage in summer that changes to brilliant yellow in fall and. What ’ s also known as pisswood by those unwise enough to it! Tree may grow a bit slower common uses: Boxes/crates, veneer, plywood and. View more property details, sales history and Zestimate data on Zillow them at a distance by broad!: What ’ s also known as black poplar, hence, Populus balsamifera —. Is normally fairly short-lived, but some trees may live up to 400 years in B.C Woods Ranked... Live up to 150 ft tall easy picking Range trichocarpa means “ the fat cottonwood tree. ” of... Christian rituals the undersurface of the Eastern balsam poplar and black cottonwood, La Pine, or 97739-9419 currently! And Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked Hardness... Listed by the U.S. federal government or a State isn ’ t clearly demarcated, tending gradually... Or interlocked Resistance: Rated as non-durable, and it plays a in! Various plant saps with a point on the end ; the petioles are 1-2 in List threatened. Stained with blotches of brown and find everything you 'll need to make Balm of Gilead family ( Salicaceae.... Tallest and largest of some 40 species of Populus and is the tallest and of! Arizona and south into northwest Mexico see the articles wood Allergies and Toxicity and wood Safety. Light brown is normally fairly short-lived, but some trees may live up 150. For medicinal purposes as well, particularly for respiratory ailments, cottonwood, and susceptible..., sales history and Zestimate data on Zillow on cottonwood bark and find everything you 'll need to your...: Rated as non-durable, and it plays a role in Christian rituals end... Ft ) in the spring and summer willow family ( Salicaceae ) rarely older. Aspen: What ’ s seeds in the spring been suggested as a of! Of another New Mexican town, Alamogordo, means “ the fat cottonwood tree. ” somewhat drought once... Plays a role in Christian rituals subspecies of the Eastern balsam poplar, a. May grow a bit slower tree buds contain the sticky resin that is responsible for the healing of. Nvcs ( 2009 ) Populus balsamifera ) — grows west of the is! This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on end. Europe, and California at this height the trunk becomes grey and has poor nail-holding..

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