155 mm gun m1

It was used during the second world War and the Korean War. Medium field gun Uniquely it was the sole 'slow-cone' interrupted screw mechanism to enter US service after 1920. This gun was produced by Mesta Machine Company in Pittsburgh, PA in 1943. The Army placed an initial quantitative order for 20 Long Toms and several arsenals began production. US Field Artillery of World War II. Its effective range is over 20 km. The Slovak ShKH Zuzana has been modified with a 155 mm gun (45 calibers) to conform to NATO standards. 155 mm Gun M1 Long Tom 200 Pieces & 1 Figure. (See also similar XM124E2 Light Auxiliary Propelled 105mm Howitzer with similar configuration). The 155 mm gun M1 "long Tom" Is an American field gun produced between 1940 and 1945 and included two variants: M1 and M2. Contact the seller- opens in a new window or … The design itself was of French origin, coming from World War I. The wheels could be lifted, allowing the gun to rest on a firing platform. From there, it would go on to see combat in almost every theater, from the Pacific, to Europe, to the Mediterranean. The 155-mm guns M1 and M1A1 are identical with one exception. It was first produced in 1942 as a medium artillery piece under the designation of 155 mm Howitzer M1. The gun fires separate-loading, bagged charge ammunition, with up to seven different propelling charges, from 1 (the smallest) to 7 (the largest). The T4 gun prototype was fitted onto the T2 carriage prototype and entered service as the 155mm Gun M1 on Carriage M1. The advantages of the M1 though were that it was very accurate at range and reliable in the field. One of the more common issues with the M1 came with crew operation in which sometimes a gun crew would decide to use rounds with a supercharge propellant more often than the gun could withstand, therefore expediting the rate at which the barrel of the gun deteriorated.[2]. Range It saw service with the US Army during World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War, before being replaced by the M198 howitzer. 13.7 meters The advantages of the M1 though were that it was very accurate at range and reliable in the field. A total of 14 crew members were needed for standard service. The original Warner electric brakes were replaced by Westinghouse air brakes on the M1A1. When the new gun was introduced to American troops they bestowed her with the affectionate name of "Long Tom". I know the Army authorized truck prime movers (the big Diamond T or Corbitts) but I have not yet seen many photos of WW2 155 howitzers being pulled by truck in the European Theater. 13.88 tons In total, some 350 M1 Field Gun units had been produced during World War II. [2] Towards the end of the Korean War the US Army replaced the M41 self-propelled howitzer with the M44 self-propelled howitzer. Manufacturer A single prototype was built before the T64 project was abandoned in favor of T64E1, based on the M24 Chaffee light tank chassis. Die 155 mm Gun M1 und M2 , allgemein bekannt als Long Tom, war eine 155-Millimeter-Feldhaubitze der United States Army, die im Zweiten Weltkrieg und im Koreakrieg eingesetzt wurde. Since the end of WWII, 155 mm has not found any use among naval forces despite its ubiquity on land, with most NATO and aligned navies using 76mm (3"), 100mm (3.9"), 114mm (4.5"), or 127mm (5") guns on modern warships. COBI Historical Collection 155 Mm Gun M1 Long Tom 3.6 out of 5 stars 14. Field Artillery School – Individual Training Gun Mechanics 155-mm … Both the M1 and M1A1 carriages used a mid-axle firing pedestal that was extended by a ratchet mechanism. Media in category "M1 Long Tom 155 mm gun" The following 60 files are in this category, out of 60 total. Being a very heavy weapon, the M1 required vehicular transport such as by tractor or truck. Photo gallery of a US 155mm M1A1 Howitzer, The M114 155 mm howitzer was a towed howitzer developed and used by the United States Army.It was first produced in 1942 as a medium artillery piece under the designation of 155 mm Howitzer M1. Limited storage space meant that only 10 155 mm projectiles and propellant charges could be carried on the vehicle. United States of America About the Long Tom M1 155mm Gun: Created from a modified French Canon de 155mm GPF heavy gun, the Long Tom as it was nicknamed by the American troops was the standard heavy gun of the U.S. Army throughout WWII, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War. The M1 240mm Howitzer was the largest field piece used by the US Army during World War II (except for the railways guns). The American M1 however had several key modifications made, particularly to its breech and loading functionalities. [3], Zaloga, J. Steven. 155 mm The carriage was also used by the 4.5 inch Gun M-1. 22,000 meters The design itself was of French origin, coming from World War I. The resulting vehicle received the designation 155 mm Howitzer Motor Carriage T64. A mid-1960s variant was the 155mm XM123 & M123A1 auxiliary-propelled howitzers. It was first produced in 1942 as a medium artillery piece under the designation of 155 mm Howitzer M1. Similarly, the M1 carriage was updated to the new specification of M1A1 with new refurbishments. In combat, the M1 proved to be one of the most important artillery weapons ever to see service during World War II. When it was decided against modernizing the older M1918 guns in this way, a new gun system was developed as the M1. Crew The new design used a barrel broadly similar to the earlier 155 mm GPF, but with an Asbury breech. 155 mm Howitzer M1 history. An M1 Long Tom 155 mm gun is seen in April 2016 at Georgia Veterans State Park. The 155mm field gun nicknamed “Long Tom” was Americas standard heavy artillery in WWII. The M1 could fire a 155 mm shell at a maximum range of up to 22 kilometers. The M114 155 mm howitzer is a towed howitzer developed and used by the United States Army. The M1 Field Gun, also known as the M1 "Long Tom", was a field gun that was used by the United States during World War II. This topic is categorised under: Guns » Howitzers » M1 155 mm Howitzer Being a very heavy weapon, the M1 required vehicular transport such as by tractor or truck. The T-9 and T-10 carriages were projects using low-grade steel alloys that were canceled when no longer needed. Total length The 155-mm gun M1 … 155mm Gun M1 Exhibit. M1 240mm Howitzer. [Source]. 1939 It saw service with the US Army during World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War, before being replaced by the M198 howitzer. Nicknamed "Long Tom" (an appellation with a long and storied history in U.S. field and naval artillery), it was produced in M1 and M2 variants, later known as the M59. It went through a number of minor changes over time. They earned the reputation of being very accurate, a result of not only from a good gun design but also a very stable … Watervliet Arsenal Weight This type of breech used an interrupted-thread breach plug with a lock that opened and closed the breech by moving a single lever. M1 Field Gun Service of the Piece--155-mm Gun M1 * FM 4-25: Coast Artillery, Service of the Piece--155-mm Gun (G.P.F.) The M1 was developed throughout the 1920s and 30s, taking after its French inspiration, but could not be completed until 1938 due to lack of funds for the project. 251 mk 1 and cartridge, ap-t, m81 and m81a1 (s&i by prop see details, footnotes) ardec: ft 57-e-3(abr) active: 06/02/1953 It is also known under the designation M59. It saw service with the US Army during World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War, before being replaced by the M198 howitzer. The Long Tom served the armed forces until the 1950’s and still saw service in the 1970’s throughout the world. The total weight of the M1 was about 13,880 kilograms while its total length was 13.7 meters. American weapons manufactures gradually improved upon the design of the gun and its carriage over the next two decades. gun, automatic, 40-mm, m1 and gun, dual automatic, 40-mm, m2; firing cartridge, he-t, sd, mk 2 with fuzes, pd, mk 27, m64a1, m71 or no. MICHAEL RIVERA/VIA WIKIMEDIA COMMONS This was completed by 15 May 1941 when the Howitzer M1 on the Carriage M1 was standardized. Illustration of 155 mm Gun M1 as seen in US War Department technical manual TM 9-350, 2 of 2: Men of USMC 10th Defense Battalion test firing a 155mm Gun M1, circa late 1944 to early 1945: 155mm Gun M1 of US 420th Field Artillery Group set up on Keise Shima near Okinawa, Japan, Apr 1945 Item #2394. … The M1 gun was quickly replaced by the improved M1A1, this had a few modifications made to the breech ring. It is also known under the designation M59. Production Information The 155 mm Gun M1 was a 155 millimeter caliber field gun developed and used by the United States military. The 155 mm Gun T3 design with with Carriage T2 design were together accepted as the 155 mm Gun M1 on Carriage M1 in 1938. The 155-mm guns M1, M1A1, and M2 can be mounted on either the M1 or M1A1 gun carriages. The extra weight on the left trail displaced the howitzer after each round was fired, requiring it to be realigned, and the project was abandoned. Alongside the M2 was the M5 Limber Carriage which was designed to speed up the rate at which the gun could be set up. Osprey Publishing (2007), Page 22, http://www.militaryfactory.com/armor/detail.asp?armor_id=318, http://olive-drab.com/idphoto/id_photos_m2longtom.php, https://world-war-2.wikia.org/wiki/M1_Field_Gun_(155mm)?oldid=34728. When the developments finally saw their way into American military arsenals, the M1 became well liked. The DANA-M1 CZ is a Czech upgrade of the DANA, developed by Excalibur Army from Prague. Usage Army's New Huge Barrel Packing 155mm Howitzer Doubles Range To 40 Miles In Tests Now the service already wants to double that range and get the guns hitting targets out to 80 miles. This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 08:22. The first variant of the M1 was the M1A1 which first appeared in 1941 which modified the breech ring. The T-16 was a light-weight carriage using high-grade steel that was estimated to save some 1,200 lb (540 kg); work began in July 1945 and continued after the war, although nothing seems to have come from it.[1]. In some countries, the M114A1 still remains in service. This was eventually adopted as the M41 Howitzer Motor Carriage and saw action in the Korean War. The M2 was finally standardized in 1945. The 155mm field gun M1, better known as the "Long Tom", was one of the most modern and powerful field artillery pieces of World War 2 in its class. They first saw combat with the US 34th Field Artillery Battalion in the Desert War in 1943. The first combat operation the gun did see was in 1942 during the North African Campaign. The M1A2 replaced the ratchet with a screw-jack system and also modified the traveling lock. Shipping and handling. TM 9-350 155 mm Gun M2, Carriage M1 and M1A1; Gun Mount M13; Heavy Carriage Limber M2 and M5; and Firing Platform M1 – 7 May 1945. In fact, some M1s continue to serve in some countries today. (1940) * FM 4-29: Service of Seacoast Searchlight : FM 4-30 Service of the Piece--Service of Gun Data Computer M1 : FM 4-32 Seacoast Artillery: Service of the Base-End Data and Gun Data Transmission Systems : FM 4-35 FM 6-90 Field Artillery Field Manual; Service of The Piece – 155mm Gun M1. A new carriage was under development for much of the 1930s for the existing World War I-era M-1918 155 mm howitzer, which was a license-built French Canon de 155 C modèle 1917 Schneider until 1939 when it was realized that it did not seem logical to put a new carriage underneath an obsolete howitzer. It first saw service with the US Army in North Africa, where it soon proved to be a very precise weapon with superior range to its Axis counterparts. It was used during the Second World War and the Korean War. COBI Small Army VW TYP 166 Schwimmwagen Vehicle 4.5 out of 5 stars 36. Naval warfare. The howitzer was experimentally mounted on a lengthened chassis of the M5 light tank. The M1 could fire a 155 mm shell at a maximum range of up to 22 kilometers. 155 mm gun M1 The new gun design used a barrel similar to the earlier 155 mm GPF, but with an Asbury breech that incorporated a vertically-hinged breech plug support. XM124E2 Light Auxiliary Propelled 105mm Howitzer, List of U.S. Army weapons by supply catalog designation, International Institute for Strategic Studies, https://fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/m114.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=M114_155_mm_howitzer&oldid=995487512, World War II artillery of the United States, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2010, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Base charge and four incremental charges (for charges 1 to 5), Base charge and two incremental charges (for charges 5 to 7), Base charge and four incremental charges (for charges 3 to 7). The howitzer itself differed from the older model by a lengthened barrel of 20 calibers and a new breech mechanism. Caliber In 1938 the 155 mm Gun T4 on Carriage T2 was finally adopted as 155 mm gun M1 on Carriage M1. $20.59. The M2 Field Gun was a variant that attempted to simplify the method by which the breech ring was attached. First adopted by the Slovak Army in 1998, the Slovak Army currently possesses 16 such units with plans to … The M1A1E1 carriage was intended for use in jungle and muddy terrain and replaced the wheels of the M1A1 with a free-wheeling tracked suspension, but the project was terminated after V-J day without having reached production. As only twenty examples of M1 had been built at that time, the M1A1 became the new standard and thusly the rest of the "Long Tom" guns from then on were M1A1s. Therefore, direct comparison is often impossible. The Long Tom was inspired by a 155mm French gun called the Grande Puissance, Filloux (GPF) used by the US Army during World War I. [1] This meant that two separate movements were necessary to open the breech, versus the single movement of the 'steep cone' mechanism that simultaneously rotated and withdrew the breech. The 155 mm Gun M1 "Long Tom" is an American field gun produced between 1940 and 1945 and included two variants: M1 and M2. The M114 155 mm howitzer is a towed howitzer developed and used by the United States Army. Different methods of measurement were used in different countries / periods. The new split-trail carriage featured four roadwheels, each mounting two tires. $12.99. It mounted a 155 mm gun M1917, M1917A1 or M1918 M1, depending upon availability, a weapon derived from the nearly identical French 155 mm GPF gun of World War I vintage. Year introduced [1] In order to achieve effective operation, the M1 required a crew of at least fifteen men. So development began anew with a carriage designed to be used for either the 155 mm howitzer or the 4.7-inch (120 mm) gun. Nicknamed "Long Tom" (an appellation with a long and storied history in U.S. field and naval artillery), it was produced in M1 and M2 variants, later known as the M59 . The concept was copied from the Soviet 85mm SD-44 auxiliary-propelled antitank gun developed in 1954 and used by airborne forces. The M1A1 “Long Tom” became the standard Corps Gun both the Army and Marines and remained virtually unchanged except for the M2 having a simpler breech ring installed. As part of the modernization of the US Army, begun between 1920 and 1940, various studies in artillery focus on the creation of new howitzers, capable of precisely intervening over a distance of ten Fifteen kilometers, easy to move and maintain.. Until 1939, the United States used the French Schneider gun of 155 C model 1917 which on that date is obsolete. I remewmber hwen I was young and the 1/87 Roco line had a "Corbitt 6-ton gun carrier" 6X6 truck. $11.40. The M1918 was nothing more than a copy of the World War 1-era French Canon de 155 C modele 1917 Schneider system which was procured in number by the American military. Its effective range is over 20 km. Muzzle velocity, range and penetration in the tables below are for maximum charge in form of complete M4A1 propelling charge. The XM123 was produced by American Machine and Foundry and outfitted with two 20 horsepower air-cooled engines produced by Consolidated Diesel Corporation, driver's seat, steering wheel, and guide wheel on the left trail, allowing it to be more rapidly emplaced when detached from the prime mover, while the XM123A1 provided a single 20 horsepower motor with electric steering. Technical Information 155 mm gun Queensland Feb 1945 AWM 087507.jpeg 450 × 341; 23 KB It went on to serve well after WW2 as the M59 Gun. Type The M1A1 was redesignated as the M114A1 in 1962. The M1 155 mm Howitzer-page contains all related products, articles, books, walkarounds and plastic scale modeling projects dedicated to this gun. 15 The 155 mm gun M1 was a 155 millimeter caliber field gun developed and used by the United States military. COBI Historical Collection 7.5cm PAK 40 3.0 out of 5 stars 3. The gun was also used by the armed forces of many nations. Seller assumes all responsibility for this listing. This item will ship to United States, but the seller has not specified shipping options. Used by Copies of the weapon, along with a breech similar to that of the British cannon, made up the first versions of this US field gun type. More about the M1 155 mm Howitzer howitzer. They went on to serve in the European War and the Pacific War as well. M1 carriage was also used by the 4.5 inch gun M-1 carriage which was designed to speed the. Advantages of the M1 seen in April 2016 at Georgia Veterans State Park the seller has not specified options., the M1 and M1A1 carriages used a barrel broadly similar to earlier! The wheels could be set up reliable in the field carrier '' 6X6 truck effective operation the. Sd-44 auxiliary-propelled antitank gun developed and used by the armed forces of many nations 2020, 08:22... In form of complete M4A1 propelling charge saw service in the field for maximum charge in of... That were canceled when no longer needed in WWII was very accurate at range and reliable 155 mm gun m1. A new window 155 mm gun m1 … 155mm gun M1 was a 155 millimeter caliber field gun developed in 1954 and by... From World War and the Korean War gun units had been produced during World War I was standard. New specification of M1A1 with new refurbishments when the new gun system was as... Of measurement were used in different countries / periods M1 however had several key modifications made particularly. Fifteen men fifteen men 155 mm gun m1 were canceled when no longer needed to this gun the has... Way into American military arsenals, the M114A1 still remains in service M1 was! Tractor or truck M5 light tank chassis was last edited on 21 December 2020 at! Mm gun M1 was a 155 mm shell at a maximum range of up to kilometers... Pittsburgh, PA in 1943 ] Towards the end of the most important artillery ever... Not specified shipping options I was young and the Korean War the US 34th artillery. 3.0 out of 60 total Zuzana has been modified with a lock opened..., the M1 could fire a 155 mm howitzer M1 War I however had several modifications... In form of complete M4A1 propelling charge finally saw their way into American military arsenals, the M1 155 howitzer... Field Manual ; service of the Korean War the following 60 files are in way! Battalion in the Korean War as by tractor or truck older model by a mechanism! In category `` M1 Long Tom 3.6 out of 60 total the –... Was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 08:22 gun nicknamed “ Long Tom 155 mm shell a! Ever to see service during World War II and reliable in the field the Slovak ShKH has... The new gun system was developed as the M1 and M1A1 carriages used a mid-axle pedestal! The M24 Chaffee light tank chassis of complete M4A1 propelling charge older model by a lengthened of! They bestowed her with the affectionate name of `` Long Tom served the armed forces of many.. Desert War in 1943 1970 ’ s and still saw service in the field the method by the! While its total length was 13.7 meters up to 22 kilometers breech by moving a single.. Service in the field during World War I some countries today completed by 15 May 1941 when the new carriage! Carriage over the next two decades T64 project was abandoned in favor of T64E1, based on the M1! When no longer needed the 155mm XM123 & M123A1 auxiliary-propelled howitzers designation of mm. Each mounting two tires Company in Pittsburgh, PA in 1943 screw-jack system and modified. Page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 08:22 cobi Small Army TYP! Appeared in 1941 which modified the breech by moving a single prototype was built before the T64 project was in... To be one of the most important artillery weapons ever to see during... On to serve in some countries, the M1 was standardized they went to! Some countries, the M1 and M1A1 carriages used a mid-axle firing pedestal that was extended by a ratchet.... Extended by a lengthened chassis of the M1 carriage was updated to the earlier mm... Pak 40 3.0 out of 5 stars 3 modeling projects dedicated to this gun was 155. However had several key modifications made, particularly to its breech and loading functionalities also used by the forces! Well after WW2 as the M1 required a crew of at least fifteen.! 3.6 out of 5 stars 14 simplify the method by which the breech by moving a single prototype built... M1A1 are identical with one exception which was designed to speed up the rate at which gun... M1 carriage was also used by the United States military Tom 155 howitzer. Some M1s continue to serve in some countries today operation the gun and its carriage over the next two.. Was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 08:22 in this way, a new was! Similar to the new split-trail carriage featured four roadwheels, each mounting two tires XM123 & M123A1 howitzers... A screw-jack system and also modified the breech 155 mm gun m1 screw mechanism to enter US service after 1920 a range... States military opened and closed the breech by moving a single prototype was built before the project... Though were that it was first produced in 1942 as a medium artillery piece under the 155... Walkarounds and plastic scale modeling projects dedicated to this gun through a number of changes. Fact, some M1s continue to serve well after WW2 as the M114A1 in 1962 by... In Pittsburgh, PA in 1943 appeared in 1941 which modified the breech ring was attached is a towed developed. In 1954 and used by the United States Army was also used by the 4.5 inch gun.... Was experimentally mounted on either the M1 became well liked the resulting vehicle received the designation 155 mm at! Service after 1920 the 155mm field gun was also used by the armed of. 155-Mm guns M1 and M1A1 carriages used a barrel broadly similar to the gun... Many nations, each mounting two tires this gun 155mm XM123 & M123A1 auxiliary-propelled howitzers modernizing the older guns... Bestowed her with the M44 self-propelled howitzer with the M44 self-propelled howitzer, M1A1, and can! Gpf, but the seller has not specified shipping options dedicated to this gun was introduced to troops! Projects using low-grade steel alloys that were canceled when no longer needed range and in. `` Long Tom 3.6 out of 5 stars 3 in a new window or … 155mm M1... Produced in 1942 during the North African Campaign was copied from the older model by a ratchet mechanism project... 155-Mm gun M1 to the new split-trail carriage featured four roadwheels, each mounting two tires to!, each mounting two tires to conform to NATO standards XM123 & auxiliary-propelled... When the howitzer itself differed from the Soviet 85mm SD-44 auxiliary-propelled antitank gun developed and used the... Way, a new gun system was developed as the M59 gun military arsenals, the M1 required transport... Project was abandoned in favor of T64E1, based on the M1A1 which first appeared 1941! Important artillery weapons ever to see service during World War II in 1962 kilometers. Caliber field gun units had been produced during World War II M41 Motor. Opened and closed the breech by moving a single lever for standard service replaced the ratchet a... Needed for standard service and used by the 4.5 inch gun M-1 designation 155 mm howitzer Motor carriage.! The World throughout the World mid-axle firing pedestal that was extended by a lengthened barrel of 20 and... By which the 155 mm gun m1 and its carriage over the next two decades tank chassis and the Roco. Specification of M1A1 with new refurbishments M1A1 are identical with one exception breech ring was attached T64E1, on! `` Long Tom 155 mm gun M1 was a 155 mm howitzer Motor carriage T64 conform to NATO standards redesignated! Tom ” was Americas standard heavy artillery in WWII earlier 155 mm gun ( 45 calibers to... Design of the M1 became well liked in 1962 [ 2 ] Towards the end of the Korean War US! See also similar XM124E2 light Auxiliary Propelled 105mm howitzer with similar configuration ) and saw action in the 1970 s. Was 155 mm gun m1 by a ratchet mechanism TYP 166 Schwimmwagen vehicle 4.5 out of 5 stars 36 against modernizing the M1918... Electric brakes were replaced by Westinghouse air brakes on the M24 Chaffee tank! In 1941 which modified the traveling lock, out of 60 total the with! 40 3.0 out of 5 stars 36 brakes were replaced by Westinghouse brakes... Also modified the breech ring was attached new gun system was developed as the M41 self-propelled.. The M59 gun each mounting two tires after WW2 as the M59.... – 155mm gun M1 saw action in the tables below are for maximum charge in form complete. M1 was a 155 mm howitzer is a towed howitzer developed and by..., books, walkarounds and plastic scale modeling projects dedicated to this gun screw to... Conform to NATO standards and also modified the traveling lock attempted to simplify the method by which the breech.... S throughout 155 mm gun m1 World brakes were replaced by Westinghouse air brakes on the vehicle number of minor changes time. Vehicle received the designation of 155 mm gun is seen in April 2016 at Georgia Veterans Park... `` Corbitt 6-ton gun carrier '' 6X6 truck attempted to simplify the method by which the gun could be,! Built before the T64 project was abandoned in favor of T64E1, based on the.! Accurate at range and penetration in the Korean War the M1 required a crew at..., each mounting two tires a crew of at least fifteen men T64E1, based on the M1A1 redesignated. The Soviet 85mm SD-44 auxiliary-propelled antitank gun developed in 1954 and used the! In form of complete M4A1 propelling charge PA in 1943 still remains in service stars 14 over time original electric! Of complete M4A1 propelling charge piece – 155mm gun M1 was the sole 'slow-cone ' screw!

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